Upgrading of paper-grade pulps to dissolving pulps by nitren extraction : properties of nitren extracted xylans in comparison to NaOH and enKalium hydroxideKOH extracted xylans
Different paper-grade pulps were extracted with nitren, NaOH and KOH in order to produce dissolving pulps and polymeric xylan. The yield and structure of the isolated nitren and alkali xylans were investigated by carbohydrate analysis, HPSEC and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. In addition the effect of washing stages on the residual nickel content of the nitren xylans was investigated. By nitren extraction up to 98% of the xylan could be extracted out of the fully bleached eucalyptus and birch kraft pulps. The nitren extracted kraft xylans had DP values between 95 (birch) and 111 (eucalyptus). At most 5 mol% of the xylose units were substituted. In the case of pulps with low mannan content only marginally differences between the nitren and alkaline (KOH, NaOH) extractions occurred. The extraction of the relatively 'mannan rich' pulps of this study like softwood kraft and beech sulfite pulps revealed that the dissolution effect regarding mannans increased in the following order: nitren< KOH< NaOH. In general the nitren extractions required a lower chemical charge compared to the alkaline extractions, in order to yield similar amounts of xylans. On the other side the necessity of an effective nickel removal is a disadvantage of the nitren extractions.
Janzon, Ron / Saake, Bodo / Puls, Jürgen: Upgrading of paper-grade pulps to dissolving pulps by nitren extraction : properties of nitren extracted xylans in comparison to NaOH and KOH extracted xylans. 2008.
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