Coproduction of EPA and Fucoxanthin with P. tricornutum – A Promising Approach for Up- and Downstream Processing
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and fucoxanthin, a carotenoid, provide a broad variety of health benefits in human nutrition. In this study, an up- and downstream process for the coproduction of EPA and fucoxanthin using the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum in flat-panel airlift photobioreactors is proposed. The approach represents a promising alternative to conventional sources for both compounds, viz. marine fish and macroalgae. The productivity as well as the biomass-specific product content were optimized during cultivation. Subsequently, both compounds were extracted, separated and purified using pressurized liquids.