Characterization of Plasmopara-resistance in grapevine using in vitro plants

Kortekamp, Andreas; Zyprian, Eva GND

Although the exact mechanisms by which grapevine cells operate to reduce disease incidence caused by the downy mildew fungus Plasmopara viticola are not fully elucidated, our cytological results obtained from infected in vitro-plants confirm that enhanced disease resistance is associated with an expression of distinct reactions in a chronological order: An increased production of reactive oxygen species (superoxide radicals, 4–6 hours post infection, hpi) was followed by a hypersensitive response (6–8 hpi), an increased activity of peroxidase in cells flanking the infection area and in the vascular tissue (10–12 hpi) and an increased production, accumulation or conversion of phenolic compounds (12–15 hpi). These mechanisms seem also to be present in susceptible varieties as shown after an inoculation with non-host oomycetic pathogens on the basis of peroxidase activity, but they do not become activated after P. viticola infection. The investigation of the peroxidase activity in leaves at several time points after an infection with P. viticola indicated that there is a strong correlation between the POX activity in leaves of in vitro-plants and the resistance of grapevine plants to P. viticola in the field.

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Kortekamp, Andreas / Zyprian, Eva: Characterization of Plasmopara-resistance in grapevine using in vitro plants. 2003.

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