Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evidence for Neospora caninum tissue cysts in skeletal muscles of naturally infected dogs and cattle
Protozoan stages were detected in the skeletal Muscles of four dogs suffering front neosporosis and two neonatal calves with confirmed Neospora caninum- infection which could be immunohistochemically labelled by an antiserum against the bradyzoite-specific antigen BAG-5. In one calf, a tissue cyst was labelled by an antiserum against the N. caninum isolate NC-1. Ultrastructurally, a 0.3-1 mum-thick cyst wall surrounded the labelled parasites. The cysts were located within myofibres and contained varying numbers of bradyzoites each measuring 5.2(+/-0.6) X 1.6(+/-0.3) mum. The encysted stages showed typical ultrastructural features of N. caninum bradyzoites with subterminal nuclei, electron-dense rhoptries, and micronemes that were orientated perpendicular to the zoite pellicle. Immunohistochemistry and serology did not reveal any evidence for co-infection with Toxoplasma gondii. The detection of tissue cysts in skeletal muscle of N. caninum-infected intermediate hosts is of major epidemiological importance for the understanding of how definitive or intermediate carnivorous hosts become infected with N. caninum.
Peters, M. / Lutkefels, E. / Heckeroth, A. R. / et al: Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evidence for Neospora caninum tissue cysts in skeletal muscles of naturally infected dogs and cattle. 2001.
Use and reproduction:
All rights reserved