Immunological detection of osteocalcin in meat and bone meal: A novel heat stable marker for the investigation of illegal feed adulteration

Kreuz, G.; Zagon, J.; Broll, H.; Bernhardt, C.; Linke, B.; Lampen, A.

A sandwich ELISA was developed for the detection of bovine meat and bone meal (BMBM) in feed, based on polyclonal rabbit antibodies raised against the synthetic N-terminal amino acid sequence 1–9 (YLDHWLGAP) of bovine osteocalcin. To set up a sandwich ELISA pair, a commercial mouse monoclonal capture antibody binding to a highly conserved epitope in the mid-fragment of the peptide was employed. It is shown that the bone marker osteocalcin is immunologically well detectable in BMBM extracts obtained by a simple EDTA-based procedure even in a sample heated up to 145°C. Furthermore, a genus-specific restriction of the major specificity to cattle and horse was possible. The observed bi-specificity is consistent with theoretical predictions. The assay sensitivity with bovine osteocalcin of 1 ng was sufficient to enable the detection of 0.1% BMBM in compound plant feed or fish meal, for which no cross reaction was observed. In general the quantification of osteocalcin in extracts is possible using a standard curve procedure with pure bovine osteocalcin.

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Kreuz, G. / Zagon, J. / Broll, H. / et al: Immunological detection of osteocalcin in meat and bone meal: A novel heat stable marker for the investigation of illegal feed adulteration. 2012.

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