Determination of Serotypes of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Isolates by Intact Cell Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry

Karger, Axel GND; Ziller, Mario GND; Bettin, Barbara GND; Mintel, Birgit GND; Schares, Susann GND; Geue, Lutz GND

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates representing the serotypes O165:H25, O26:H11/H32, and O156:H25 were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectra of whole cells, a procedure also known as intact cell mass spectrometry (ICMS or IC-MALDI MS) or MALDI-typing. We demonstrate that within the given species the three serotypes can be well discriminated by ICMS. Conditions for the construction of serotype-specific prototypic mass spectra were systematically optimized by filtering out masses that do not contribute to the discrimination of the serotypes. Binary distances between prototypic spectra and sample spectra were used to determine serotypes of unknown samples. With parameters optimized, only 0.7% of the assignments were incorrect compared to 31% when distances were calculated from alignments of unfiltered mass spectra. Within the different serotypes, clusters of genetically related E. coli most probably originating from single clones could be distinguished by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Since ICMS did not reproduce these clusters, we conclude that the power of ICMS is just sufficient to discriminate E. coli serotypes under certain conditions but fails for the differentiation of E. coli below this level

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Karger, Axel / Ziller, Mario / Bettin, Barbara / et al: Determination of Serotypes of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Isolates by Intact Cell Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry. 2010.

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