Mass balance of pilot-scale pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse by steam explosion followed by alkaline delignification

Rocha, George Jackson de Moraes; Martín, Carlos; Da Silva, Vinicius F.; Gomez, Edgardo O.; Gonçalves, Adilson R.

Five pilot-scale steam explosion pretreatments of sugarcane bagasse followed by alkaline delignification were explored. The solubilised lignin was precipitated with 98% sulphuric acid. Most of the pentosan (82.6%), and the acetyl group fractions were solubilised during pretreatment, while 90.2% of cellulose and 87.0% lignin were recovered in the solid fraction. Approximately 91% of the lignin and 72.5% of the pentosans contained in the steam-exploded solids were solubilised by delignification, resulting in a pulp with almost 90% of cellulose. The acidification of the black liquors allowed recovery of 48.3% of the lignin contained in the raw material. Around 14% of lignin, 22% of cellulose and 26% of pentosans were lost during the process. In order to increase material recovery, major changes, such as introduction of efficient condensers and the reduction in the number of washing steps, should be done in the process setup

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Rocha, George Jackson de Moraes / Martín, Carlos / Da Silva, Vinicius F. / et al: Mass balance of pilot-scale pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse by steam explosion followed by alkaline delignification. 2012.

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