Steam refining as an alternative to steam explosion

Schütt, Fokko GND; Westereng, Bjorge; Horn, Svein J.; Puls, Jürgen GND; Saake, Bodo GND

In steam pretreatment the defibration is usually achieved by an explosion at the end of the treatment, but can also be carried out in a subsequent refiner step. A steam explosion and a steam refining unit were compared by using the same raw material and pretreatment conditions, i.e. temperature and time. Smaller particle size was needed for the steam explosion unit to obtain homogenous slurries without considerable amounts of solid chips. A higher amount of volatiles could be condensed from the vapour phase after steam refining. The results from enzymatic hydrolysis showed no significant differences. It could be shown that, beside the chemical changes in the cell wall, the decrease of the particle size is the decisive factor to enhance the enzymatic accessibility while the explosion effect is not required

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Schütt, Fokko / Westereng, Bjorge / Horn, Svein J. / et al: Steam refining as an alternative to steam explosion. 2012.

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