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Science on ecosystems and people to support the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

ORCID
0000-0003-0207-7311
Affiliation
Social-Ecological Systems Institute (SESI), Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany
Schröter, Matthias;
ORCID
0000-0002-2685-873X
Affiliation
School of Planning and Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
Berbés-Blázquez, Marta;
GND
14025837X
ORCID
0000-0002-2591-4779
Affiliation
Institute of Geography, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
Albert, Christian;
ORCID
0000-0002-7426-3132
Affiliation
James Cook University, Cairns, Australia
Hill, Rosemary;
GND
1045502871
ORCID
0000-0002-2554-1503
Affiliation
Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden
Krause, Torsten;
GND
1074548949
ORCID
0000-0002-7639-2894
Affiliation
Social-Ecological Systems Institute (SESI), Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany
Loos, Jacqueline;
ORCID
0000-0001-7402-2569
Affiliation
Urban Studies Institute, Georgia State University, Atlanta, United States
Mannetti, Lelani M.;
ORCID
0000-0003-2622-0135
Affiliation
Social-Ecological Systems Institute (SESI), Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany
Martín-López, Berta;
ORCID
0000-0001-6306-7243
Affiliation
Network for Conserving Central India, India
Neelakantan, Amrita;
GND
1056406089
ORCID
0000-0002-9283-6037
Affiliation
USDA Forest Service, Research and Development, Washington, United States
Parrotta, John A.;
ORCID
0000-0002-3437-7629
Affiliation
Andalusian Center for the Assessment and Monitoring of Global Change (CAESCG), University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain
Quintas-Soriano, Cristina;
GND
1293398292
ORCID
0000-0003-3755-785X
Affiliation
Social-Ecological Systems Institute (SESI), Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany
Abson, David J.;
GND
172642922
ORCID
0000-0001-8761-1768
Affiliation
PBL-Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague, Netherlands
Alkemade, Rob;
ORCID
0000-0001-8501-9787
Affiliation
Environmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
Amelung, Bas;
ORCID
0000-0002-0879-4162
Affiliation
Chancellor Universidad Ean, DC, Bogotá, Colombia
Baptiste, Brigitte;
ORCID
0000-0001-5421-0714
Affiliation
Plant Production and Protection Division (NSP), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome, Italy
Barrios, Edmundo;
ORCID
0000-0002-5140-4270
Affiliation
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Jalan CIFOR Situ Gede, Bogor Barat Bogor, Indonesia
Djoudi, Houria;
ORCID
0000-0003-4404-629X
Affiliation
Department of Geography, Harokopio University of Athens, Kallithea, Greece
Drakou, Evangelia G.;
ORCID
0000-0002-4138-3349
Affiliation
Cardiff University Water Research Institute and School of Biosciences, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Durance, Isabelle;
ORCID
0000-0002-3527-9318
Affiliation
Social-Ecological Systems Lab, Ecology Department, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
García Llorente, Marina;
GND
1192796381
ORCID
0000-0002-5528-3365
Affiliation
Planning for Ecosystem Services and Urban Sustainability Lab, DICAM, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
Geneletti, Davide;
ORCID
0000-0001-7711-4135
Affiliation
Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
Harmáčková, Zuzana V.;
ORCID
0000-0003-4674-4817
Affiliation
Research Institute for Nature and Forest INBO, Brussels, Belgium
Jacobs, Sander;
ORCID
0000-0003-4285-6109
Affiliation
University of Applied Sciences Trier, Environmental Campus Birkenfeld, Birkenfeld, Germany
Kaiser, Nina N.;
ORCID
0000-0002-8528-7164
Affiliation
School of Health Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia
Kingsley, Jonathan;
ORCID
0000-0002-3798-9436
Affiliation
Department of Environment & Society, Quinney College of Natural Resources, Logan, United States
Klain, Sarah;
GND
1292285265
ORCID
0000-0003-2655-3116
Affiliation
Center for Research and Innovation in Climate Change of Universidad Santo Tomás, Chile
Martínez-Harms, María José;
ORCID
0000-0001-5215-793X
Affiliation
Geography Department Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Murali, Ranjini;
ORCID
0000-0002-9538-8831
Affiliation
Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
O’Farrell, Patrick;
GND
1035656620
ORCID
0000-0003-4053-5694
Affiliation
Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy, UWA School of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
Pandit, Ram;
ORCID
0000-0002-4996-7234
Affiliation
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Pereira, Laura;
Affiliation
Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India
Rana, Sakshi;
GND
1299307191
ORCID
0000-0003-3916-8102
Affiliation
Fisheries and Society Group, Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany
Riechers, Maraja;
ORCID
0000-0003-3769-8345
Affiliation
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway
Rusch, Graciela M.;
ORCID
0000-0001-9435-1351
Affiliation
Instituto de Biología de Organismos Marinos (IBIOMAR-CONICET), Chubut, Puerto Madryn, Argentina
Sala, Juan E.;
ORCID
0000-0002-5068-8566
Affiliation
Institute for Environmental Studies, Environmental Geography Group, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Schulp, Catharina J.E.;
ORCID
0000-0003-0888-8617
Affiliation
Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), South Africa
Sitas, Nadia;
ORCID
0000-0003-2516-2412
Affiliation
United Nations University-Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Tokyo, Japan
Subramanian, Suneetha M;
ORCID
0000-0001-6296-4479
Affiliation
EqualSea Lab-CRETUS, Department of Applied Economics, University of Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Spain
Villasante, Sebastian;
ORCID
0000-0002-3258-2565
Affiliation
Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
van Oudenhoven, Alexander

In December 2022, members of the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the new Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) (https://www.cbd.int/gbf/targets/) to guide international biodiversity conservation efforts until 2030 in order to be able to live ‘in harmony with nature’ by 2050. This framework addresses the implementation gap left after the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which were the previous global instrument for mainstreaming biodiversity conservation between 2010 and 2020 (IPBES, Díaz et al. Citation2019). As biodiversity continues to decline (IPBES, Díaz et al. Citation2019), the global scholarly community has been integrally involved in the development of the GBF, advancing crucial insights to support biodiversity strategies and action plans at different scales over time to ensure fair and effective conservation. In addition, the current situation demands that greater attention is paid to the diverse forms of human-nature connectedness and the co-production of knowledge and solutions by academia, governments, private sectors, alongside local communities and Indigenous Peoples to tackle issues of equity in biodiversity conservation, research, and management (Wyborn et al. Citation2021). Further research into the underlying political and justice dimensions of conservation and the recognition and inclusion of diverse knowledge systems and their holders (Pascual et al. Citation2022) is needed to support the actual achievement of the new Global Biodiversity Targets (for 2030) and Goals (for 2050).

Since 2018, Ecosystems and People has positioned itself as an inclusive, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary journal publishing work on the linkages between nature and people’s quality of life, and the implications of these diverse relations for the development of governance arrangements, management and policy that are equitable and just (Martín-Lopez et al. Citation2019). Thus, the mission and scope of the journal align well with the intent of the GBF. For example, the GBF seeks to include more prominently Indigenous Peoples and local knowledge holders and their diverse worldviews and practices that are deeply tied to every element of their ecosystems, land, seas, kinship and cultural practices. This is a topic of increasing importance in Ecosystems and People (e.g. White and Lidskog Citation2023; Burke et al. Citation2023). The GBF also underlines the diversity of human-nature relationships, in particular the role of nature’s contributions to people (NCP, Díaz et al. Citation2018), as reflected on by Kadykalo et al. (Citation2019) and others. Moreover, the GBF’s emphasis on whole-of-society and other integrative approaches fits well with the journal’s aim to publish inter- and transdisciplinary work that provides practical solutions to real-world problems considering a diversity of actors, interests and knowledge systems. Finally, the GBF also underlines the role of women and girls as critical in achieving its Goals and Targets. Ecosystems and People has an editorial board that has for several years already achieved gender balance, exceeding the average across academic journals, cf. Liu et al. (Citation2023). Moreover, Ecosystems and People continues to develop a culturally diverse editorial board that appropriately covers the different regions of the world (we acknowledge that this is an ongoing journey).

The aim of this editorial is to draw attention to the GBF targets that are most relevant to our readership, with two objectives: First, to suggest how Ecosystems and People may be a venue for emerging research insights in support of the GBF. Second, to highlight examples of recent research in Ecosystems and People that can contribute to enrich, or even challenge, the evidence and development of the GBF Targets.

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