Dog population estimates and rabies vaccination optimization using the High Resolution Settlement Layer (HRSL) – a proof of principle for the Oshana region, Namibia : [Preprint]

Despite being vaccine preventable, dog-mediated rabies continues unabated in low-resourced countries in Africa and Asia. For interventions into dog rabies control, an estimate of the dog population is a prerequisite. Here we used a High-Resolution Settlement Layer (HRSL) with an unprecedented resolution of 30m grid length that is Open Source for dog populations estimates and studies on vaccination coverages, with the Oshana region of Namibia as an example. Our analyses show that the average dog density per km2 is 8.15 but ranges between 0 and 40 per constituency, with individual densities being as high as 551. Spatial analyses for different settings of static vaccination points indicate that the previously used vaccination points during the pilot phase and cattle crush-pens are insufficient for reaching a 70% vaccination level in the Oshana region. Based on cost calculations, between US$6.30 and US$6.86 are needed to parenterally vaccinate dogs in this region, suggesting that oral rabies vaccination may be a cost-effective supplement or even replacement. The high-resolution spatial analyses are exemplified for rabies, but any other One Health intervention, particularly for Neglected tropical diseases in highly heterogenous and remote areas could use our approach as a template.


Citation style:
Could not load citation form.

Access Statistic

Last 12 Month:


Use and reproduction: