Article CC BY 4.0
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Cephalopods, a gap in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive and their future integration

Affiliation
Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries, Alter Hafen Süd 2, Rostock, Germany
Bobowski, Bianca T. C.;
Affiliation
Ryan Institute, School of Natural Sciences, University of Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland
Power, Anne Marie;
Affiliation
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Pierce, Graham J.;
Affiliation
IPMA, Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Rua Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho 6, Lisbon, Portugal
Moreno, Ana;
Affiliation
AZTI, Sustainable Fisheries Management (ICES), Txatxarramendi Ugartea Z/G, Bizkaia, Sukarrieta, Spain
Iriondo, Ane;
Affiliation
Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), CO-Vigo, Subida a Radio Faro, 50, Vigo, Spain
Valeiras, Julio;
GND
1173835563
VIAF
2219152636072620050681
Affiliation
Department of Marine Biology, University of Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Straße 3, Rostock, Germany
Sokolova, Inna;
GND
101262255X
Affiliation
Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries, Alter Hafen Süd 2, Rostock, Germany
Oesterwind, Daniel

With the aim of maintaining or obtaining good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic and northern Mediterranean Sea, the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (EU-MSFD) came into force in 2008. All EU Member States (MS) have the task of assessing the current state of their adjacent waters to guarantee sustainable use of marine resources and healthy ecosystems for the current and future generations. Although the MSFD has been implemented for over a decade, there are still gaps in the assessment of various ecologically and commercially important marine species, such as cephalopods. Here we describe the status of cephalopods, a key component of marine ecosystems and a valuable fishing resource, within the MSFD. To do so, we review how MS deal with this group in their reporting and identify and explain the gaps in the cephalopod assessment. We describe the main challenges including the limited data and the rarity of dedicated surveys on cephalopods. However, we argue that cephalopods can be partially integrated into the EU-MSFD assessment, illustrating the current opportunities and future possibilities of their integration into the MSFD, mainly using Descriptors 1-4.

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