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Sexual reproduction in two mixed stands of coastal and interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in Germany

Adult individuals and seeds of two mixed stands of coastal and interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) were analysed for genetic differentiation between the two varieties and evidence of intervarietal pollination. Clear genetic discrimination between the two varieties was observed based on multilocus evaluation of nine microsatellite markers using other Douglas-fir stands of known variety composition for comparison. Analysis of pollination distances showed that 80% of pollinations took place within a distance of about 44–55 m. Analysis of stand structure showed clearly separated areas of mainly coastal or interior Douglas-fir within both stands. Together with short pollination distances this led to an apparent dominance of intravarietal pollinations. However, analysis of pollination partners of trees growing near the border of the variety specific areas, does not indicate the existence of reproductive barriers between trees of the two varieties growing in mixed stands. Therefore, commercial seed harvesting in mixed stands should be avoided if the production of seed lots of pure coastal or interior Douglas-fir is intended.



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