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Agrobacterium cucumeris sp. nov. isolated from crazy roots on cucumber (Cucumis sativus)

Affiliation
The National Institute of Horticultural Research, Department of Phytopathology, Poland
Warabieda, Michał;
GND
1139863959
Affiliation
Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI), Institute for Plant Protection in Horticulture and Urban Green, Germany
Kuzmanović, Nemanja;
Affiliation
The National Institute of Horticultural Research, Department of Phytopathology, Poland
Trzciński, Paweł;
Affiliation
The National Institute of Horticultural Research, Department of Phytopathology, Poland
Puławska, Joanna

Three plant rhizogenic strains O132T, O115 and O34 isolated from Cucumis sp. L. were assessed for taxonomic affiliation by using polyphasic taxonomic methods. Based on the results of the sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of the three housekeeping genes atpD, recA and rpoB, all the strains were clustered within the genus Agrobacterium where they form a novel branch. Their closest relative was Agrobacterium tomkonis (genomospecies G3). Moreover, digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) comparisons between strains O132T and O34 and their closest relatives provided evidence that they constitute a new species, because the obtained values were significantly below the threshold considered as a borderline for the species delineation. Whole-genome phylogenomic analysis also indicated that the cucumber strains are located within the separate, well-delineated biovar 1 sub-clade of the genus Agrobacterium. Furthermore, the physiological and biochemical properties of these strains allowed to distinguish them from their closest related species of the genus Agrobacterium. As a result of the performed overall characterization, we propose a new species as Agrobacterium cucumeris sp. nov., with O132T (=CFBP 8997T = LMG 32451T) as the type strain.

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