Comparative genome analysis of all nine African horse sickness serotypes isolated from equine fatalities in Kenya and South Africa
African horse sickness (AHS) is a viral disease of equids, caused by a virus of the genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae. The African horse sickness virus (AHSV) genome is made up of ten double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) segments that together code for seven structural and four nonstructural proteins. AHS is endemic in sub-Saharan countries. The efficacy and safety of inactivated AHS vaccines containing all 9 serotypes, produced at the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (CVRL) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates have been proven in the past. All 9 AHSV serotypes were isolated from 102 samples collected in the last 20 years from horse fatalities in 7 different area of Kenya, Africa. CVRL inactivated AHS vaccines are used in a few African countries defining the importance of this present study to compare the genome sequences of the nine AHSV serotypes isolated from horse fatalities in Kenya and nine AHSV serotypes isolated in South Africa. The hypothesized serotypes of the newly sequenced AHSV field strains from Kenya were likewise confirmed in this investigation, and they show substantial sequence homologies with recently isolated AHSV field strains.