Susceptibilities of ten fish cell lines to infection with Tilapia lake virus

Tilapia lake virus disease (TiLVD) caused by Tilapia lake virus (TiLV) is a great threat to the global tilapia culture industry. Effective prevention and control strategies have not been developed due to limited basic research of pathogenesis of TiLVD. Cell lines from different fish species have been found to be permissive to TiLV infection. In the current study, we comprehensively analyzed TiLV susceptibilities to 10 permanent growing fish cell lines. We found that the highest viral titers were generated onto TiB cells originated from the tilapia species Oreochromis mossambicus, MSF from the largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, CAMK from the hybrid snakehead Channa argus × Channa maculata and SS derived from the perch species Siniperca chuatsi. Viral copy numbers from these four cell lines ranged from 4 × 107 copies/μL to 4.6 × 108 copies/μL. Confocal immunofluorescent microscopy also indicated that all 10 cell lines can support varying degrees of viral infection and replication. TiLV particles can be observed in cells from randomly selected three fish species using electron microscope. This study will assist in research and development of prevention and control of TiLVD.



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