The Early Immune Response of Lymphoid and Myeloid Head-Kidney Cells of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Stimulated with Aeromonas salmonicida
The teleost head kidney is a highly relevant immune organ, and myeloid cells play a major role in this organ’s innate and adaptive immune responses. Because of their complexity, the early phases of the innate immune reaction of fish against bacteria are still poorly understood. In this study, naïve rainbow trout were stimulated with inactivated A. salmonicida and sampled at 12 h, 24 h and 7 d poststimulation. Cells from the head kidney were magnetically sorted with a monoclonal antibody mAB21 to obtain one (MAb21-positive) fraction enriched with myeloid cells and one (MAb21-negative) fraction enriched with lymphocytes and thrombocytes. The gene expression pattern of the resulting cell subpopulations was analysed using a panel of 43 immune-related genes. The results show an overall downregulation of the complement pathway and cytokine production at the considered time points. Some of the selected genes may be considered as parameters for diagnosing bacterial furunculosis of rainbow trout.