Health-related quality of life and satisfaction with German health care services in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy

Max Rubner-Institut (MRI), Department of Safety and Quality of Meat, Germany
Schorling, Elisabeth; Senn, Katja C.; Thiele, Simone; Gumbert, Laura; Krause, Sabine; Schreiber-Katz, Olivia; Walter, Maggie C.; Reilich, Peter; Nagels, Klaus H.

Background Charcot- Marie- Tooth (CMT) neuropathies entail a large group of diseases with different gene mutation patterns, which produce heterogeneous phenotypes. Although health- related quality of life (HRQOL) is significantly impaired, a comprehensive assessment of HRQOL in CMT patients in Germany considering phenotypical heterogeneity represented a research gap. Objective The aim was to assess HRQOL and the satisfaction with health care in CMT patients in Germany. Methods CMT patients >  15 years with a genetically confirmed CMT subtype were recruited through a national CMT patient registry. HRQOL was assessed using the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire. Furthermore, subjective impairments in daily or work activities and satisfaction with health care were assessed using 4-point scales. Results HRQOL in CMT patients (n  = 385) was impaired compared to the German population. Most patients reported problems in the dimension mobility (89.6%), pain/discomfort (89.4%) and usual activities (81.0%). Except for patients with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP), we found no differences in HRQOL between the CMT subtypes. 72.0% of CMT patients were satisfied with available health care services. However, patients reported to expect more CMT-specific knowledge and support as well as easier prescription and cost coverage procedures from health professionals and insurances. Conclusions The patient-reported outcomes in the assessed CMT cohort elucidate the need for more specific health care services that also address the heterogeneous phenotypes. Although the assessment has been limited to the German health services setting, insights may be applicable to CMT-specific care in other national settings



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