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Challenges for integrated pest management of Dasineura brassicae in oilseed rape

Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI), Institute of Plant Protection in Field Crops and Grassland, Germany
Hausmann, Johannes

The use of insecticides in flowering oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) against pest insects such as the brassica pod midge (Dasineura brassicae W.) often conflicts with the protection of pollinating and beneficial insects. Dasineura brassicae is a major pest insect in European oilseed rape production. However, a comprehensive and sustainable pest control strategy within the framework of integrated pest management (IPM) does not exist, and little research on the insect has been published during the past two decades. This paper reviews the existing knowledge about D. brassicae along its life cycle and is intended to form the basis for further research activities on pod-damaging pest insects in oilseed rape. Important knowledge gaps are identified, regarding the significance of natural enemies, diapause induction, and predictions on damage potential, based on initial pest insect population. The short lifespan of the adults is particularly challenging in praxis. The implementation of IPM for D. brassicae is discussed on the basis of the four IPM steps (set an economic threshold, establish pest monitoring, preventive measures, and direct control measures) and remaining hurdles, as well as potential solutions for a better IPM, are identified. For D. brassicae, there is no science-based economic threshold and no applicable monitoring methods for farmers, which hinders a field-specific damage forecast and the precise timing of insecticide applications. Research into improved monitoring (e.g. selective attractants, real-time monitoring using remote-sensing technologies) appears to be a promising step towards an integrated pest management of D. brassicae.



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