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Isolation procedure for cp e. Coli from caeca samples under review towards an increased sensitivity

Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung), Berlin, Germany
Pauly, Natalie;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Klaar, Yvonne;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Skladnikiewicz-Ziemer, Tanja;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Juraschek, Katharina;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Grobbel, Mirjam;
ORCID
0000-0002-6930-4358
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Hammerl, Jens André;
Affiliation
State Office for Health and Social Affairs Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Hemmers, Lukas;
ORCID
0000-0003-2966-2713
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Käsbohrer, Annemarie;
Affiliation
Institute of Microbiology and Epizootics, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Schwarz, Stefan;
Affiliation
Institute of Microbiology and Epizootics, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Meemken, Diana;
ORCID
0000-0002-2191-7569
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Tenhagen, Bernd-Alois;
ORCID
0000-0003-1266-9978
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Irrgang, Alexandra

Due to the increasing reports of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) from livestock in recent years, the European Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistances (EURLAR) provided a protocol for their recovery from caecum and meat samples. This procedure exhibited limitations for the detection of CPE with low carbapenem MIC values. Therefore, it was modified by a second, selective enrichment in lysogeny broth with cefotaxime (CTX 1 mg/L) and with meropenem (MEM 0.125 mg/L) at 37 °C under microaerophilic conditions. By Real-time PCR, these enrichments are pre-screened for the most common carbapenemase genes. Another adaptation was the use of in-house prepared MacConkey agar with MEM and MEM+CTX instead of commercial selective agar. According to the EURL-method, we achieved 100% sensitivity and specificity using the in-house media instead of commercial agar, which decreased the sensitivity to ~75%. Comparing the method with and without the second enrichment, no substantial influence on sensitivity and specificity was detected. Nevertheless, this enrichment has simplified the CPEisolation regarding the accompanying microbiota and the separation of putative colonies. In conclusion, the sensitivity of the method can be increased with slight modifications.

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