Article CC BY 4.0
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Minimum Information Required to Annotate Food Safety Risk Assessment Models (MIRARAM)

Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 41 Food Technologies, Supply Chains and Food Defense, Germany
Filter, Matthias;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 41 Food Technologies, Supply Chains and Food Defense, Germany
Sundermann, Esther M.;
ORCID
0000-0001-7519-6931
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 43 Epidemiology, Zoonoses and Antimicrobial Resistance, Germany
Mesa-Varona, Octavio;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Junior Research Group 4NG - Supply Chain Models, Germany
Buschhardt, Tasja;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 4 Biological Safety, Unit 41 Food Technologies, Supply Chains and Food Defense, Germany
Lopez de Abechuco, Estibaliz;
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Via Carlo Magno 1A, Parma, Italy
Georgiadis, Marios

In the last decades, mathematical models and model-based simulations became important elements not only in the area of risk assessment concerning microbiological and chemical hazards but also in modelling biological phenomena in general. Unfortunately, many of the developed models are published in non-standardized ways, which hinders efficient exchange, re-use and continuous improvement of models within the risk assessment domain. The establishment of guidelines for model annotation is an important pre-condition to overcome these obstacles. Additionally, implementation of annotation guidelines can improve transparency, quality control and even aid the clarification of intellectual property rights. Here, we address the question of “What is the minimum set of metadata that should be provided for a model in the risk assessment domain?”. The proposed guideline focuses on food safety risk assessment models and is called “Minimum Information Required to Annotate food safety Risk Assessment Models (MIRARAM)”. MIRARAM supports the model creator during the model documentation step and could also be used as a checklist by scientific journal editors or database curators. Software developers could take up MIRARAM and develop easy-to-use software tools or new features in existing programs that can help model creators to provide proposed model annotations in harmonized file formats. Based on experiences from similar guidelines in related scientific disciplines (like systems biology), it is expected that MIRARAM could contribute to the promotion of application and re-use of models as well as to implementing more standardized quality control in the food safety modelling domain.

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