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The Role of Behavioral Ecotoxicology in Environmental Protection.

ORCID
0000-0001-5202-546X
Affiliation
University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom
Ford, Alex T;
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Sweden
Ågerstrand, Marlene;
ORCID
0000-0002-6277-9852
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Science, Institute of Biomedical Studies, Baylor University, United States
Brooks, Bryan W;
Affiliation
U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development, United States
Allen, Joel;
Affiliation
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Bertram, Michael G;
Affiliation
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Brodin, Tomas;
Affiliation
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), The Netherlands
Dang, ZhiChao;
Affiliation
German Environment Agency (UBA), Germany
Duquesne, Sabine;
Affiliation
German Environment Agency (UBA), Germany
Sahm, René;
Affiliation
German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department 7 Chemical and Product Safety, Unit 72 Chemicals Safety, Germany
Hoffmann, Frauke;
Affiliation
Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany
Hollert, Henner;
Affiliation
German Environment Agency (UBA), Germany
Jacob, Stefanie;
Affiliation
Environmental Research Center (UFZ), Germany
Klüver, Nils;
Affiliation
U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development, United States
Lazorchak, James M;
Affiliation
Swedish Chemicals Agency (KemI), Sweden
Ledesma, Mariana;
ORCID
0000-0002-5355-4213
Affiliation
Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Australia
Melvin, Steven D;
Affiliation
German Environment Agency (UBA), Germany
Mohr, Silvia;
Affiliation
Center for Computational Toxicology and Exposure, United States
Padilla, Stephanie;
ORCID
0000-0003-4338-7674
Affiliation
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, Canada
Pyle, Gregory G;
Affiliation
Swedish Chemicals Agency (KemI), Sundbyberg, Sweden
Scholz, Stefan;
ORCID
0000-0002-9632-8611
Affiliation
Environment Protection Authority Victoria (EPA), Australia
Saaristo, Minna;
Affiliation
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), The Netherlands
Smit, Els;
ORCID
0000-0003-3946-1229
Affiliation
U.S. Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, United States
Steevens, Jeffery A;
Affiliation
Wageningen University, The Netherlands
van den Berg, Sanne;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute for Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Germany
Kloas, Werner;
Affiliation
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Australia
Wong, Bob B M;
Affiliation
Animal Physiological Ecology, University of Tübingen, Germany
Ziegler, Michael;
Affiliation
German Environment Agency (UBA), Germany
Maack, Gerd

For decades, we have known that chemicals affect human and wildlife behavior. Moreover, due to recent technological and computational advances, scientists are now increasingly aware that a wide variety of contaminants and other environmental stressors adversely affect organismal behavior and subsequent ecological outcomes in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. There is also a groundswell of concern that regulatory ecotoxicology does not adequately consider behavior, primarily due to a lack of standardized toxicity methods. This has, in turn, led to the exclusion of many behavioral ecotoxicology studies from chemical risk assessments. To improve understanding of the challenges and opportunities for behavioral ecotoxicology within regulatory toxicology/risk assessment, a unique workshop with international representatives from the fields of behavioral ecology, ecotoxicology, regulatory (eco)toxicology, neurotoxicology, test standardization, and risk assessment resulted in the formation of consensus perspectives and recommendations, which promise to serve as a roadmap to advance interfaces among the basic and translational sciences, and regulatory practices.

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