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The Emergence of Klebsiella pneumoniae with Reduced Susceptibility Against Third Generation Cephalosporins and Carbapenems in Lagos Hospitals, Nigeria

This study investigated the prevalence of Klebsiella (K.) pneumoniae isolates among clinical samples of patients in four medical centers in Lagos, Nigeria and the burden of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) strains. Different samples (stool, blood, urine, wound swabs and nasal swabs) from 127 patients with suspected Gram-negative infections based on on-site performed Gram-stain from four public hospitals between March and September 2015 were analyzed. K. pneumoniae was identified in 43 (34%) patients. Resistance rates of these 43 strains according to the CLSI breakpoints were as followed: cotrimoxazole (90.7%), cefuroxime (74.4%), ofloxacin (55.8%), ceftazidime (46.5%), and cefixime (35%). Three isolates (7%) were resistant to imipenem. All isolates were susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and nitrofurantoin. The prevalence of ESBL-producing, MDR and CRKP strains was 69.8%, 62.8%, and 7.0%, respectively. Of the ESBL-producing isolates, two K. pneumoniae isolates obtained from urine harbored both blaSHV and blaCTX-M-1, and a third isolate from urine harbored only the blaCTX-M-1. This study revealed the emergence of CRKP isolates and blaCTX-M-1 and blaSHV co-harboring K. pneumoniae strains in Lagos hospitals. The emergence of CRKP strains is an early warning signal for carbapenem antibiotics’ prudent use with concern for their efficacies.



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