Thermal Inactivation of Different Capripox Virus Isolates

Wolff, Janika; Beer, Martin GND; Hoffmann, Bernd GND

Capripox viruses (CaPVs) cause a highly contagious poxvirus disease of livestock animals. Working with CaPVs requires laboratories with a high biosecurity level (BSL 3), and reliable inactivation of these viruses is therefore necessary for working in areas or laboratories with a lower biosecurity status. Heat treatment provides a simple and well-established tool for the inactivation due to its substantial advantages (e.g., easy to perform, fast, cheap, and robust). In our study, we determined the time–temperature profiles needed for a fail-safe inactivation procedure using four different CaPV isolates in aqueous solution with and without the addition of protective serum. All four tested CaPV isolates were completely inactivated after 30 min at 56 °C or 10 min at 60 °C. Since different thermal stabilities of other CaPV isolates could not be fully excluded, we recommend an inactivation procedure of 1 h at 56 °C for safe shipment or working in laboratories with lower biosecurity levels than BSL 3.

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Wolff, Janika / Beer, Martin / Hoffmann, Bernd: Thermal Inactivation of Different Capripox Virus Isolates. 2020.

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