Chemical defence in Brassicaceae against pollen beetles revealed by metabolomics and flower bud manipulation approaches

Austel, Nadine GND; Böttcher, Christoph GND; Meiners, Torsten GND

Divergence of chemical plant defence mechanisms within the Brassicaceae can be utilized to identify means against specialised pest insects. Using a bioassay-driven approach we i) screened 24 different Brassica napus cultivars, B. napus resyntheses and related brassicaceous species for natural plant resistance against feeding adults of the pollen beetle (Brassicogethes aeneus), ii) tested for gender specific feeding resistance, iii) analysed the flower bud metabolomes by a non-targeted approach and iv) tested single candidate compounds for their antifeedant activity. i) In no-choice assays beetles were allowed to feed on intact plants. Reduced feeding activity was mainly observed on Sinapis alba and Barbarea vulgaris but not on B. napus cultivars. ii) Males fed less and discriminated more in feeding than females. iii) Correlation of the metabolite abundances with the beetles' feeding activity revealed several glucosinolates, phenylpropanoids, flavonoids and saponines as potential antifeedants. iv) These were tested in dual-bud-choice assays developed for medium throughput compound screening. Application of standard compounds on single oilseed rape flower buds revealed highly deterrent effects of glucobarbarin, oleanolic acid and hederagenin. These results help to understand chemical plant defence in the Brassicaceae and are of key importance for further breeding strategies for insect resistant oilseed rape cultivars. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Austel, Nadine / Böttcher, Christoph / Meiners, Torsten: Chemical defence in Brassicaceae against pollen beetles revealed by metabolomics and flower bud manipulation approaches. 2021.

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License Holder: 2020 The Authors. Plant, Cell & Environment published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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