Synthesis of Light Hydrocarbons from Biogas and Hydrogen : Investigation of a Fe-Mn-K/MgO CatalystSynthesis of light hydrocarbons from biogas and hydrogen: Investigation of Fe‐Mn‐K/MgO catalyst
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of the CO₂ in biogas aims at producing light hydrocarbons and increasing its calorific value for feeding into the grid. Fe catalysts with Mn and K as promoters are supposed to yield high amounts of light hydrocarbons. Using a Fe-Mn-K/MgO catalyst, a parameter screening and long-term experiments were carried out. The catalyst shows, within the examined range, the highest selectivity to C₂–C₄ hydrocarbons at 450 °C, 8 bar(a), and a gas hourly space velocity of 350 h−¹. Calcination of the catalyst resulted in a significant drop of activity and an almost complete loss of selectivity to hydrocarbons. Admixture of steam to the reactant gas lowers the tendency to carbon deposition but also promotes the water-gas shift reaction and results in lower yields of hydrocarbons.
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