Insights into the susceptibility of raspberries to Drosophila suzukii oviposition
The spotted wing drosophila (SWD) causes massive losses in red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) cultivation by direct oviposition leading to damages of the soft skin fruits. Knowledge of the fly's host preference could help farmers in managing the pest. We used a laboratory‐based oviposition assay for screening the germplasm of Rubus to ascertain whether the spotted wing drosophila prefers certain cultivars to others for oviposition and if preference is based on citric acid and Brix content or firmness. Correlation analyses of evaluated characters with no‐choice tests results in 3 years obtained no correlation between citric acid, Brix content and oviposition. Primocane raspberries were lower affected by SWD than floricane raspberries. The Rubus hybrid cultivar “Dorman Red” and the primocane cultivar “Pokusa” showed the lowest oviposition rate compared to the other 58 evaluated genotypes. We found that oviposition correlates to firmness of the investigated cultivars, which strongly indicates that host preference is partly connected to that character in raspberries. The results are discussed regarding the use of Rubus genetic resources in breeding and integrated pest management to control spotted wing drosophila in the field.
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