Draft genome sequence of multi-resistant Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Rissen strain 19CS0416 isolated from Vietnam reveals mcr-1 plasmid mediated resistance to colistin already in 2013
We report the first draft genome sequence of a Salmonella strain with plasmid-mediated resistance to colistin encoded by mcr-1 gene in Vietnam. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Rissen was isolated from a Vietnamese pig slaughterhouse in 2013. We can confirm that mcr-1 gene is identical to the first reported mcr-1 gene of the Escherichia coli strain SHP45, isolated in 2015 from a Chinese pig. The plasmid containing this gene in the strain 19CS0416 was highly related (96.86% identity) to the plasmid (pHNSHP45) contained in this Chinese strain. Moreover, this plasmid was determined to be 100% identical to a plasmid (p13P477T-7) belonging to an Escherichia coli (13P477T) found in Hong Kong during the same year in pigs. Our results will aid in understanding the dissemination of mcr-1 gene in East Asia, dating back to as early as 2013.