The genome of Cryptophlebia leucotrata granulovirus
The genome of the Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (CrleGV) was sequenced and analyzed. The double-stranded circular genome contains 110,907 bp and potentially encodes 129 predicted open reading frames (ORFs), 124 of which were similar to other baculovirus ORFs. Five ORFs were CrleGV specific and 26 ORFs were common to other granulovirus genomes. One ORF showed a significant similarity to a nonstructural protein of Bombyx mori densovirus-2. A baculovirus chitinase gene was identified, which is most likely not functional, because its central coding region including the conserved chitinase active site signature is deleted. Three gene copies (Crle20, 23, and 24) containing the Baculo PEP N domain of the polyhedron envelope protein were identified in CrleGV and other GV genomes. One of them (Crle23) appeared also to contain a p10-like sequence encoding of a number of leucine-rich heptad repeats and a proline-rich domain. Another striking feature of the genome is the presence of a hypervariable non-hr ori-like region of about 1800 bp consisting of different kinds of repeats and palindromes. Three other repeat-rich regions were identified within the genome and are considered as homologous regions (hrs). CrleGV is most closely related to the Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) as revealed by genome order comparisons and phylogenetic analyses. However, the AT content of the CrleGV genome, which is 67.6% and the highest found so far in baculoviruses, differed by 12.8% from the AT content of CpGV. This resulted in a major difference in the codon usage of both viruses and may reflect adaptive selection constraints to their particular hosts.