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Isolation of fungal endophytes for the biocontrol of phytoplasmas associated with fruit trees

Affiliation
AlPlanta, RLP AgroScience, Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany
Jarausch, Wolfgang;
Affiliation
Institute of Molecular Physiology, Microbiology and Wine Research, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany ; Institute of Biotechnology and Drug Research (IBWF), Kaiserslautern, German
Büttel, Isabell;
Affiliation
AlPlanta, RLP AgroScience, Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany
Schwind, Nora;
Affiliation
AlPlanta, RLP AgroScience, Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany
Runne, Miriam;
GND
1173192255
Affiliation
Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Plant Protection in Fruit Crops and Viticulture
Jarausch, Barbara

Endophytic fungi were isolated from apricot and peach trees which had recovered from European stone fruit yellows disease. To test for their phytoplasma antagonistic activity a plant tissue culture system based on apple proliferation-infected apple plants was used. Six selected fungi were inoculated and their effect on plant growth and phytoplasma concentration was measured. One fungus, Epicoccum nigrum, significantly reduced apple proliferation symptoms and phytoplasma concentration both in in vitro and in ex vitro plants.

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