Pest survey card on Aromia bungii
This pest survey card was prepared in the context of the EFSA mandate on plant pest surveillance (M- 2017-0137), at the request of the European Commission. Its purpose is to assist the Member States in preparing their survey activities for Aromia bungii using a statistically sound and risk-based pest survey approach. A. bungii is a quarantine species in the EU. The cerambycid beetle is native to East and South- East Asia and in the EU is currently reported as ‘present under eradication’ in Italy and ‘transient under eradication’ in Germany. Prunus species are its main host, in particular stone fruit trees, such as peach, apricot, plum, cherry and almond. However, other species such as pomegranate, kaki and olive trees are reported as potential hosts. Depending on local conditions the life cycle takes from two to four years (from egg laying to adult emergence). The larvae and pupae complete their development in the trunks of the host trees or in its basal branches. In the EU, the climate suitability and host plant availability are not limiting factors for the establishment of the species. Wood packaging, wood or wooden products from Prunus species are the main introduction pathways of A. bungii into the EU. Therefore, areas where Prunus species are grown that surround ports, packhouses and warehouses are risk areas that are particularly relevant for detection surveys. In addition, plants for planting (saplings and bonsais) can also sustain eggs or initial larval stages. Therefore, nurseries where Prunus species are cultivated are also prime targets for detection surveys. For early detection of A. bungii, the preferred method is pheromone-based trapping in combination with the visual inspection of main target host plants.