Different functions for the domains of the Arabidopsis thaliana RMI1 protein in DNA cross-link repair, somatic and meiotic recombination
Recombination intermediates, such as double Holliday junctions, can be resolved by nucleases or dissolved by the combined action of a DNA helicase and a topoisomerase. In eukaryotes, dissolution is mediated by the RTR complex consisting of a RecQ helicase, a type IA topoisomerase and the structural protein RecQ-mediated genome instability 1 (RMI1). Throughout eukaryotes, the RTR complex is involved in DNA repair and in the suppression of homologous recombination (HR) in somatic cells. Surprisingly, Arabidopsis thaliana mutants of topoisomerase 3a and RMI1 are also sterile due to extensive chromosome breakage in meiosis I, indicating that both proteins are essential for meiotic recombination in plants. AtRMI1 harbours an N-terminal DUF1767 domain and two oligosaccharide binding (OB)-fold domains. To define specific roles for these individual domains, we performed complementation experiments on Atrmi1 mutants with an AtRMI1 full-length open reading frame (ORF) or deletion constructs lacking specific domains. We show that the DUF1767 domain and the OB-fold domain 1 are both essential for the function of AtRMI1 in DNA cross-link repair as well as meiotic recombination, but partially dispensable for somatic HR suppression. The OB-fold domain 2 is not necessary for either somatic or meiotic HR, but it seems to have a minor function in DNA cross-link repair.
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