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Author Correction: A global analysis of terrestrial plant litter dynamics in non-perennial waterways

Affiliation
IRSTEA, UR RiverLy, Centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, Villeurbanne, France ; UMR ‘BOREA’ CNRS 7208/IRD 207/MNHN/UPMC, DMPA, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
Datry, T.;
Affiliation
Universite Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire d’Écologie Alpine (LECA), UMR CNRS-UGA-USMB, Grenoble, France
Foulquier, A.;
Affiliation
IRSTEA, UR RiverLy, Centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, Villeurbanne, France
Corti, R.;
Affiliation
Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Bilbao, Spain
von Schiller, D.;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany ; Institute of Biology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Tockner, K.;
Affiliation
IRSTEA, UR RiverLy, Centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, Villeurbanne, France
Mendoza-Lera, C.;
Affiliation
Université Savoie Mont Blanc, INRA, CARRTEL, Thonon-Les Bains, France
Clément, J. C.;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany ; Department of Ecology, Berlin Institute of Technology (TU Berlin), Berlin, Germany
Gessner, M. O.;
Affiliation
Department of Zoology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Moleón, M.;
Affiliation
School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
Stubbington, R.;
Affiliation
Department of Geosciences, Federal University of São João del-Rei, São João del-Rei, Brazil
Gücker, B.;
Affiliation
Laboratorio de Fotobiología, INIBIOMA (U.N.COMAHUE - CONICET), Bariloche, Argentina
Albariño, R.;
Affiliation
Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA
Allen, D. C.;
Affiliation
Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland
Altermatt, F.;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany
Arce, M. I.;
Affiliation
Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer, Israel
Arnon, S.;
Affiliation
Université de Lorraine - UR AFPA, Vandoeuvre-Les-Nancy, France
Banas, D.;
Affiliation
Faculty of Environmental Science, Center of Environmental Science EULA-Chile ; CHRIAM Center, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
Banegas-Medina, A.;
Affiliation
Department of Geography, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Beller, E.;
Affiliation
Edith Cowan University, School of Science, Mine Water and Environment Research Centre (MiWER), Joondalup, Victoria, Australia
Blanchette, M. L.;
Affiliation
Group of Lotic Ecology (ELICE-RESTORES), Instituto de Biología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
Blanco-Libreros, J. F.;
Affiliation
Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Government, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Blessing, J. J.;
Affiliation
Department of Geosciences, Federal University of São João del-Rei, São João del-Rei, Brazil
Boëchat, I. G.;
Affiliation
Department of Biology, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
Boersma, K. S.;
Affiliation
School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
Bogan, M. T.;
Affiliation
Grup de Recerca Freshwater Ecology and Management (FEM), Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals, Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Bonada, N.;
Affiliation
Murray-Darling Freshwater Research Centre, La Trobe University, Wodonga, Australia, Victoria
Bond, N. R.;
Affiliation
Faculty of Environmental Science, Center of Environmental Science EULA-Chile ; CHRIAM Center, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
Brintrup Barría, K. C.;
Affiliation
Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Canobbio, Switzerland
Bruder, A.;
Affiliation
Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia
Burrows, R. M.;
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Biology, University of Navarra, School of Sciences, Pamplona, Spain
Cancellario, T.;
Affiliation
Centre for Functional Ecology, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
Canhoto, C.;
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Carlson, S. M.;
Affiliation
IRSTEA, UR RiverLy, Centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, Villeurbanne, France
Cauvy-Fraunié, S.;
Affiliation
Grup de Recerca Freshwater Ecology and Management (FEM), Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals, Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Cid, N.;
Affiliation
LIEC, UMR CNRS 7360, Université de Lorraine, Metz, France
Danger, M.;
Affiliation
Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Biológicas, Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú, Sobral, Brazil
de Freitas Terra, Bianca;
Affiliation
Water Research Institute - National Research Council, Bari, Italy
De Girolamo, A. M.;
Affiliation
Unidad de Limnología y Recursos Acuáticos (ULRA), Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia
de La Barra, Evans;
Affiliation
Department of Ecology and Hydrology, Regional Campus of International Excellence ‘Campus Mare Nostrum’ - University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
del Campo, R.;
Affiliation
Laboratorio de Fotobiología, INIBIOMA (U.N.COMAHUE - CONICET), Bariloche, Argentina
Diaz-Villanueva, V. D.;
Affiliation
Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Bruce, Territory, Australian Capital, Australia
Dyer, F.;
Affiliation
Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Bilbao, Spain
Elosegi, A.;
Affiliation
Centre International de Recherche en Agronomie pour le Développement, CIRAD, UPR HORTSYS, Montpellier, France
Faye, E.;
Affiliation
School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Febria, C.;
Affiliation
INRA, UAR 1275 DEPT EFPA, Centre de recherche de Nancy, Champenoux, France
Four, B.;
Affiliation
School of Marine Sciences, Ruppin Academic Center, Michmoret, Israel
Gafny, S.;
Affiliation
Department of Biosciences, Mangalore University, Mangalore, India
Ghate, S. D.;
Affiliation
Department of Ecology and Hydrology, Regional Campus of International Excellence ‘Campus Mare Nostrum’ - University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Gómez, R.;
Affiliation
Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
Gómez-Gener, L.;
Affiliation
MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
Graça, M. A. S.;
Affiliation
Department of Ecology and Hydrology, Regional Campus of International Excellence ‘Campus Mare Nostrum’ - University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Guareschi, S.;
Affiliation
Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Hoppeler, F.;
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Hwan, J. L.;
Affiliation
School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
Jones, J. I.;
Affiliation
Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Kubheka, S.;
Affiliation
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Laini, A.;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany
Langhans, S. D.;
Affiliation
Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia
Leigh, C;
Affiliation
Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland
Little, C. J.;
GND
1033126586
Affiliation
Julius Kuehn Institute (JKI), Institute of Ecological Chemistry, Plant Analysis & Stored Product Protection, Berlin
Lorenz, Stefan;
Affiliation
Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Government, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Marshall, J. C.;
Affiliation
Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland
Martín, E.;
Affiliation
School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
McIntosh, A. R.;
Affiliation
Department of LimnologyUniversity of Münster, Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, Münster, Germany
Meyer, E. I.;
Affiliation
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Miliša, M.;
Affiliation
Department of Freshwater Invertebrates, Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa
Mlambo, M. C.;
Affiliation
Department of Biology, Universidade de Evora, Evora, Portugal
Morais, M.;
Affiliation
Universidad Mayor, Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca, Sucre, Bolivia
Moya, N.;
Affiliation
Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Government, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Negus, P. M.;
Affiliation
Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
Niyogi, D. K.;
Affiliation
Terra Cypria - The Cyprus Conservation Foundation, Limassol, Cyprus
Papatheodoulou, A.;
Affiliation
Departamento de Ecología y Biología Animal, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
Pardo, I.;
Affiliation
Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Pařil, P.;
Affiliation
Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Pauls, S. U.;
Affiliation
Department of Biology, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
Pešić, V.;
Affiliation
Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Polášek, M.;
Affiliation
Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland
Robinson, C. T.;
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Rodríguez-Lozano, P.;
Affiliation
Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Bruce, Territory, Australian Capital, Australia
Rolls, R. J.;
Affiliation
Department of Ecology and Hydrology, Regional Campus of International Excellence ‘Campus Mare Nostrum’ - University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Sánchez-Montoya, M. M.;
Affiliation
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Niš, Nis, Serbia
Savić, A.;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany
Shumilova, O.;
Affiliation
Department of Biosciences, Mangalore University, Mangalore, India
Sridhar, K. R.;
Affiliation
Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Government, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Steward, A. L.;
Affiliation
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hamilton, New Zealand
Storey, R.;
Affiliation
Laboratoire d’Écologie et Gestion des Ecosystèmes Naturels (LECGEN), University of Tlemcen, Tlemcen, Algeria
Taleb, A.;
Affiliation
Israel Nature & Parks Authority, Jerusalem, Israel
Uzan, A.;
Affiliation
Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA
Vander Vorste, Ross;
Affiliation
Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER) Freshwater Ecology Research Group College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
Waltham, N. J.;
Affiliation
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Woelfle-Erskine, C.;
Affiliation
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany ; Center for Applied Geosciences, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
Zak, D.;
Affiliation
Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Silkeborg, Denmark
Zarfl, C.;
Affiliation
Water Research Institute - National Research Council, Bari, Italy
Zoppini, A.

Perennial rivers and streams make a disproportionate contribution to global carbon (C) cycling. However, the contribution of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), which sometimes cease to flow and can dry completely, is largely ignored although they represent over half the global river network. Substantial amounts of terrestrial plant litter (TPL) accumulate in dry riverbeds and, upon rewetting, this material can undergo rapid microbial processing. We present the results of a global research collaboration that collected and analysed TPL from 212 dry riverbeds across major environmental gradients and climate zones. We assessed litter decomposability by quantifying the litter carbon-to-nitrogen ratio and oxygen (O2) consumption in standardized assays and estimated the potential short-term CO2 emissions during rewetting events. Aridity, cover of riparian vegetation, channel width and dry-phase duration explained most variability in the quantity and decomposability of plant litter in IRES. Our estimates indicate that a single pulse of CO2 emission upon litter rewetting contributes up to 10% of the daily CO2 emission from perennial rivers and stream, particularly in temperate climates. This indicates that the contributions of IRES should be included in global C-cycling assessments.

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