Nematicidal Cyclic Lipodepsipeptides and a Xanthocillin Derivative from a Phaeosphariaceous Fungus Parasitizing Eggs of the Plant Parasitic Nematode Heterodera filipjevi
The new cyclic lipodepsipeptide ophiotine (1), two new arthrichitin derivatives named arthrichitins B (4) and C (5), a new xanthocillin-like alkaloid, xanthomide Z (2), and the previously described arthrichitin (3) were isolated from the liquid culture broth of a nematode-associated fungus with affinities to the genus Ophiosphaerella. The structural elucidation and determination of the absolute configuration of the new molecules were accomplished using a combination of spectroscopic and chemical techniques, including 1D and 2D NMR, HRMS, and Marfey’s analysis. Opiotine (1) displayed moderate nematicidal activity against the host nematode (Heterodera f ilipjevi), while xanthomide Z (2) exhibited very weak activity. Arthrichitin C (5) showed very weak cytotoxic effects on several cancer cell lines, with IC50 values in the range of 24−33 μM. Xanthomide Z is among few xanthocillin derivatives that comprise formamide functions instead of the cyano functions that are usually observed in this class of fungal alkaloids.
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