Preparation of monoclonal antibodies against KHV and establishment of an antigen sandwich ELISA for KHV detection
Infections with koi herpesvirus (KHV) in carp are still a severe problem worldwide. Detection and elimination of infected fish are necessary for control of the Koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD). Serum is an excellent specimen for KHV testing because of high survivability of KHV in serum and ease of collection, storage, and handling. The direct detection of fish viruses based on the sandwich ELISA has emerged as a practical and reliable means of diagnosis. Thus, it is important to create monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against purified KHV. By using hybridoma-monoclonal antibody technology, two hybridoma cell lines secreting MAbs against the KHV were established. By Western blot and IFAT analysis, the secreted MAbs from cell line IB7IB4 and cell line 7C72F7 recognized proteins of KHV. The result demonstrated that the MAbs were highly specific and sensitive to the KHV, and can be used for monitoring the virus quantification of carp, for example, the direct KHV diagnosis by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). An antigen sandwich ELISA applying the biotin-avidin system was established using the biotinylated MAb IB7IB4 and 7C72F7 to detect virus in koi sera. These MAbs did not react with any of the tested other viruses by ELISA except KHV. The detection limit of the test was 3.923ng/ml KHV. Thus, this antigen sandwich ELISA is suitable for recognition of KHV.