Plasmid-located extended-spectrum b-lactamase gene blaROB-2 in Mannheimia haemolytica
Objectives To identify and analyse the first ESBL gene from Mannheimia haemolytica. Methods Susceptibility testing was performed according to CLSI. Plasmids were extracted via alkaline lysis and transferred by electrotransformation. The sequence was determined by WGS and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Results The M. haemolytica strain 48 showed high cephalosporin MICs. A single plasmid, designated pKKM48, with a size of 4323 bp, was isolated. Plasmid pKKM48 harboured a novel blaROB gene, tentatively designated blaROB-2, and was transferred to Pasteurella multocida B130 and to Escherichia coli JM107. PCR assays and susceptibility testing confirmed the presence and activity of the blaROB-2 gene in the P. multocida and in the E. coli recipient carrying plasmid pKKM48. The transformants had high MICs of all β-lactam antibiotics. An ESBL phenotype was seen in the E. coli transformant when applying the CLSI double-disc confirmatory test for E. coli. The blaROB-2 gene from plasmid pKKM48 differed in three positions from blaROB-1, resulting in two amino acid exchanges and one additional amino acid in the deduced β-lactamase protein. In addition to blaROB-2, pKKM48 harboured mob genes and showed high similarity to other plasmids from Pasteurellaceae. Conclusions This study described the first ESBL gene in Pasteurellaceae, which may limit the therapeutic options for veterinarians. The transferability to Enterobacteriaceae with the functional activity of the gene in the new host underlines the possibility of the spread of this gene across species or genus boundaries.