A new methodology for rapidly assessing interfacial bonding within fibre-reinforced thermoplastic composites
A new testing methodology is presented for determining the adhesion strength and failure at composite interfaces. An automated bonding evaluation system (ABES) has been adapted to process and test thermoplastic sandwich composites formed with various natural solid phase materials such as wood. Composites can be rapidly formed and then tested in situ over a range of temperatures to provide information on interfacial adhesion and shear strength between the thermoplastic and the substrate. This methodology is demonstrated for HDPE, PP, PLA and TPU composites comprising wood as solid phases. The interfacial properties depend on processing and testing temperatures, individual thermoplastic phase properties, and wood species. It is expected that this new test method will have applicability in thermoplastic composite design, manufacture and service life predictions for reinforced or filled thermoplastics.