Article CC BY 4.0
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Influence of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi, rice-husk-drived biochar and compost on dry matter yield, nutrients uptake and secondary metabolites responses of Iranian borage Echium amoenum Fisch & C. A. Mey

Affiliation
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Ahmadabadi, Zahra;
Affiliation
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Zarei, Mehdi;
Affiliation
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Yasrebi, Jafar;
Affiliation
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Ronaghi, Abdolmajid;
Affiliation
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Ghasemi, Reza;
Affiliation
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Saharkhiz, Mohammad Jamal;
Affiliation
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Kasmaei, Leila Sadegh;
GND
1024299236
Affiliation
Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Crop and Soil Science, Brunswick, Germany
Schnug, Ewald

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of bio-fertilizers including mycorrhiza (MY), rice husk compost (RHC), and biochar (RHB) on dry matter yield, nutrients uptake and some secondary metabolites of the medicinal plant Echium amoenum Fisch & C. A. Mey. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design and executed with six treatments and six replications. Treatments comprised of T1: control, T2: MY, T3: RHC, T4: RHB, T5: RHC+MY and T6: RHB+MY. The following parameters were studied: leaf dry weight, macro and micro nutrient uptake, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotenoids, proline, anthocyanin, flavonoid, mucilage and carbohydrate content. The results show that application of RHC, RHB and MY individually or in combination significantly affected the studied parameters in comparison with the control treatment. In all cases, combined application of bio-fertilizers together with mycorrhiza application (T5 and T6) had a more positive impact on the studied parameters compared to the application of each treatment alone.

In einem Gewächshausversuch wurde der Einfluss von Bio-Düngern wie vesikulär-arbuskulärer Mykorrhiza, Biochar aus Reisspreu und Biokompost auf Ertrag, Nährstoffaufnahme und sekundäre Inhaltstoffe der Medizinalpflanze Echium amoneum; Fisch & C. A. Mey (iranisches Gurkenkraut) geprüft. Die Varianten waren komplett randomisiert. Alle Behandlungen zeigten signifikante Effekte auf Trockenmasse, Nährstoffaufnahme und Gehalte an Chlorophyll, Carotinoiden, Prolin, Anthocyanen, Flavonoiden, Schleimstoffen und Kohlenhydraten.

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