Fatal Encephalitic Borna Disease Virus 1 in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients

Schlottau, Kore GND; Angstwurm, Klemens; Höper, Dirk GND; Zecher, Daniel; Liesche, Friederike; Hoffmann, Bernd GND; Kegel, Victoria; Seehofer, Daniel; Platen, Sabine; Salzberger, Bernd; Liebert, Uwe G.; Niller, Hans-Helmut; Schmidt, Barbara; Matiasek, Kaspar; Riemenschneider, Markus J.; Brochhausen, Christoph; Banas, Bernhard; Renders, Lutz; Moog, Philipp; Wunderlich, Silke; Seifert, Christian L.; Barreiros, Ana; Rahmel, Axel; Weiss, Jutta; Tappe, Dennis; Herden, Christiane; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Schwemmle, Martin; Rubbenstroth, Dennis GND; Schlegel, Jürgen; Pietsch, Corinna; Hoffmann, Donata GND; Jantsch, Jonathan; Beer, Martin GND

Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1; species Mammalian 1 orthobornavirus) causes progressive meningoencephalitis, mainly in horses and sheep. Evidence of BoDV-1 infection in humans is limited.1,2 However, after the identification of a bornavirus transmitted by exotic pet squirrels — the variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (species Mammalian 2 orthobornavirus)3 — the zoonotic potential of mammalian bornaviruses should be considered. Here, we report evidence of donor-transmitted BoDV-1 infection occurring in three solid-organ transplant recipients, two of whom died.

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Schlottau, Kore / Angstwurm, Klemens / Höper, Dirk / et al: Fatal Encephalitic Borna Disease Virus 1 in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients. 2018.

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