On the distribution and metabolism of Fusarium-toxins along the gastrointestinal tract of endotoxaemic pigs.

Bannert, Erik GND; Tesch, Tanja GND; Klüß, Jeannette GND; Winkler, Janine GND; Frahm, Jana GND; Kersten, Susanne GND; Kahlert, Stefan; Renner, Lydia; Rothkötter, Hermann-Josef; Dänicke, Sven GND

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential modulatory effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on residues of deoxynivalenol (DON), de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM-1), zearalenone (ZEN) and its metabolites α-zearalenol (α-ZEL), β-zearalenol (β-ZEL), zearalanone (ZAN), α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and β-zearalanol (β-ZAL) after pre- or post-hepatic administration along the gastrointestinal axis. Fifteen barrows were exposed to a naturally mycotoxin contaminated diet (4.59 mg DON/kg feed and 0.22 mg ZEN/kg feed) and equipped with jugular (ju) and portal (po) catheters. On sampling day (day 29), the barrows were infused with LPS or a control fluid (LPS, 7.5 µg/kg body weight; control, 0.9% NaCl) either pre- or post-hepatically, resulting in three infusion groups: CONju-CONpo, CONju-LPSpo and LPSju-CONpo. At 195 min relative to infusion start (210 min post-feeding), pigs were sacrificed and content of stomach and small intestine (proximal, medial and distal part) as well as faeces were collected. In all LPS-infused animals, higher amounts of dry matter were recovered irrespective of LPS entry site suggesting a reduced gastric emptying and a decreased gastrointestinal motility under endotoxaemic conditions. DON metabolism in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) remained unaltered by treatments and included an increase in the proportion of DOM-1 along the GIT, particularly from distal small intestine to faeces. Variables describing ZEN metabolism suggest a stimulated biliary release of ZEN and its metabolites in LPS-infused groups, particularly in the LPSju-CONpo group. In conclusion, the GIT metabolism of ZEN was markedly influenced in endotoxaemic pigs whereby a jugular induction of an acute phase reaction was more effective than portal LPS infusion hinting at a strong hepatic first-pass effect.

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Bannert, Erik / Tesch, Tanja / Kluess, Jeannette / et al: On the distribution and metabolism of Fusarium-toxins along the gastrointestinal tract of endotoxaemic pigs.. 2018.

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