Validation of yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) control strategies in maize in an on-farm, large-scale field trial
A large on-farm field trial was carried out between 2013 and 2015 to investigate the effect of repetitive maize cropping on Cyperus esculentus infestation over time. Intensive control strategies, developed and investigated in small-scale trials, were validated. Four C. esculentus treatment strategies were installed. Soil samples were taken each year put in the greenhouse and the number of C. esculentus sprouts was assessed. Initial infestation was patchy. Field areas were flooded several times due to heavy rainfall. Despite the inherent variability and the adverse weather conditions following conclusions can be drawn: Growing maize combined with intensive weed control (2-4 passes), reduced infestation on average by 80%. Principal components for Cyperus esculentus control strategies are hoeing, the active substances S-metolachlor, mesotrione, terbuthylazine, rimsulfuron, bentazone, and a herbicide containing foramsulfuron, thiencarbazone and iodosulfuron. Growing maize combined with high intensity weed control is an effective approach to manage and reduce C. esculentus infestation. Yield depressions due to this highly intensive weed control cannot be rule out. Nevertheless, farmers in the affected region have adopted these approaches.