Characterisation of three Alphabaculovirus isolates from the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar dispar (Lepidoptera: Erebidae), in Turkey
In this study, Lymantria dispar dispar larvae, collected from three different localities in Turkey, were examined for the presence of inclusion bodies under phase contrast and electron microscopes. Inclusion bodies from infected larvae were subjected to polymerase chain reaction using the conserved primers for polyhedrin (polh), late expression factor 8 (lef-8) and late expression factor 9 (lef-9) genes. Sequence analysis confirmed that larvae collected from the three different localities contained multiple nucleopolyhedrosis viruses (MNPVs). These isolates were designated LdMNPV-T1, LdMNPV-T2 and LdMNPV-T3. Phylogenetic analyses of these isolates were performed using target genes polh, lef-8 and lef-9. Restriction endonuclease analysis of the three geographic isolates with EcoRI and PstI enzymes demonstrated some differences existed among the isolates. According to the EcoRI profile, the mean estimated size for the complete genome of each isolate (LdMNPV-T1, LdMNPV-T2 and LdMNPV-T3) was calculated to be approximately 170, 153 and 170 kb, respectively. Insecticidal activities of each isolate were tested on L. d. dispar larvae using four different viral concentrations between 103 and 106 OBs/ml. Results showed that the mortalities for LdMNPV-T1, -T2 and -T3 ranged between 13– 53%, 47–100% and 46–93%, respectively. The LC50 and LC95 values of LdMNPV-T2 were not significantly different from the respective corresponding values of the other two isolates. However, isolate LdMNPV-T2 killed larvae with a LC50 value that was lower than the other two isolates. Our results suggested there are promising LdMNPV isolates in Turkey that can be used for microbial control of L. d. dispar larvae.
Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:
Alle Rechte vorbehalten