The thermophilic mosquito species Uranotaenia unguiculata Edwards, 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae) moves north in Germany

Uranotaenia unguiculata is a thermophilic mosquito species frequently occurring in the Mediterranean. Its first detection in the southern German Upper Rhine Valley in 1994 represented its northernmost distribution limit for a long time. During recent mosquito monitoring activities, two specimens of the species were trapped at different localities, about 70 km apart, in northeastern Germany, some 300-km latitude north of previous collection sites. It is not known whether Ur. unguiculata is vector-competent for disease agents although specimens collected in the field were found infected with West Nile virus and Dirofilaria repens. The finding of the species in northern Germany is probably a further example of mosquito species spreading northwards as a consequence of climate warming.

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