Safety and efficacy of methylester of conjugated linoleic acid (t10,c12 isomer) for pigs for fattening, sows and cows
A mixture of methylated conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (t10,c12 and c9,t11) in equal proportions was not genotoxic and caused no reproductive toxicity. In a sub-acute study in dogs, a sub-chronic toxicity study in rats and a chronic study in dogs, no adverse effects were seen up to the highest levels tested. The maximum recommended feed concentration (5 g CLA (t10,c12)-ME from Lutalin®/kg feed for piglets, pigs for fattening and sows) or dose (30 g CLA (t10,c12)-ME from Lutrell® Pure/cow per day) is considered safe for target species. The CLA content of milk from cows treated with the highest recommended dose did not exceed background values (in milk of untreated cows) for both CLA isomers. An estimate of consumer exposure to both CLA isomers from food from pigs receiving 3 g of both CLA isomers/kg feed is ≤ 320 mg CLA isomers/ person and day. This quantity corresponds to about 9% of the quantity considered safe for 6 months and is considered unlikely to raise concerns for consumer safety. Exposure of users by inhalation of the additive is likely to be minimal. Neither of the products under application, the liquid or the solid product, was tested as such for skin and eye irritation and skin sensitisation. The use of the additive in animal nutrition would not pose a risk to the environment. In pigs for fattening, CLA (t10,c12)-ME has a potential for improving feed to gain ratio. More consistent effects are a reduction in subcutaneous fat, an increase in intramuscular fat and fat firmness. No essential effects were found in sows. Administration of CLA to dairy cows reduces in a dose-dependent manner the fat content of milk, and milk fat yield. Energy balance in early lactation is improved by CLA (t10,c12)-ME; however, reproductive parameters were not influenced.