Transcriptional response in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) B cells and thrombocytes following in vivo exposure to benzo[a]pyrene
Immune toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fishes has been frequently reported but the reasons for differential cell toxicity remains unclear. Rainbow trout were exposed in vivo with a single intraperitoneal injection of corn oil or 100 mg/kg of the immunotoxic PAH benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) in corn oil and leukocytes were harvested from head kidney, spleen and blood after 14 days, the optimal time for B cell depletion found in a previous study. The mRNA expression of five cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), and an intrinsic pathway apoptosis checkpoint (p53) in B cells and thrombocytes were examined. Transcript levels were measured in immunomagnetically-isolated B cells and thrombocytes from those tissues as well as in liver as B cells had been previously shown to be responsive the BaP whereas thrombocytes were not. There was induction of CYP1A1 in liver, blood B cells, and blood thrombocytes; CYP1B1 in blood B cells, blood thrombocytes; CYP1A3 in liver, blood and spleen B cells; and AhR in spleen thrombocytes. There was no change CYP1C1, CYP1C2, or p53 mRNA levels across tissues or cell type. Induction in mRNA was observed 14 d after exposure, indicating a prolonged physiological effect of a single B[a]P injection. CYP1A1 and CYP1A3 were the most abundantly expressed CYP genes and CYP1B1 was generally least abundant. B[a]P-induced thrombocytes had a significantly different pattern of CYP expression than either liver or B cells. Given the importance of metabolites in the toxicity of PAHs, differences in CYP expression between tissues may explain differences in toxicity observed between B cells and thrombocytes.
Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:
Alle Rechte vorbehalten