Fine mapping of Ren3 reveals two loci mediating hypersensitive response against Erysiphe necator in grapevine
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is economically very important for the production of wine, table grapes and raisins. However, grapevine is threatened by a brought range of pathogens. A destructive disease worldwide is powdery mildew caused by the ascomycete Erysiphe necator. In the grapevine cultivar `Regent’ a resistance locus against E. necator, Ren3, was previously reported. It spans an interval of approximately seven Mb on chromosome 15. We attempted to delimit this interval to facilitate its further molecular analysis. New simple sequence repeat markers targeted to the Ren3 region were designed. They were applied for fine mapping in the cross populations of ‘Regent’ × ‘Lemberger’ and ‘Regent’ × ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’ that segregate for E. necator resistance. Complementarily we scored E. necator infection levels of ‘Regent’ × ‘Lemberger’ progeny at different time points over the course of the vegetation period in 2015 and 2016. Subsequent QTL analysis revealed a maximum LOD value that shifted during the season from marker GF15-10 located at 2.2 Mb to marker GF15-53 located at 3.5 Mb and to marker ScORA7* located at 9.4 Mb on chromosome 15 (positions according to the grapevine reference genome of PN40024). To investigate the Ren3-encoded resistance mechanism we performed detached leaf infection assays for microscopic studies. These revealed that Ren3 carrying individuals react with a hypersensitive response. Results of detached leaf assays on recombinants in the Ren3 locus indicate that not only one, but two distinct genetic regions on chromosome 15 mediate hypersensitive response against E. necator.
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