Groundbreaking news? : Analytical insights and lessons learned from a review of multinational REDD+ studies
The REDD+ process was launched in Bali in 2007 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, 2007). REDD+ has been designed, developed and promoted as an innovative approach to reducing deforestation based on broad cooperation and shared responsibilities between developing and developed countries. The core idea is that developed countries will financially compensate developing countries for avoided deforestatio and degradation. A wealth of expertise and experiences has become available through readiness phases, preparation activities and pilot projects on various aspects and functionalities of the REDD+ mechanism. In this article, we review scientific publications and reports that summarize results from a large number of such formal and informal REDD+ activities to provide insights into the advances made and gaps that remain in REDD+ implementation on the ground and to draw lessons for the further development and implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. The aim of the results and conclusions of this review is to support policy-makers globally as well as practitioners in REDD+ countries.