Early changes in the phenotypic composition of lymphocytes in the bronchoalveolar lavage of pigs after aerogenic immunization with Pasteurella multocida aerosols
The phenotypic composition of bronchoalveolar lymphocytes (BALL) of healthy untreated pigs and of pigs immunized via aerosol with a live Pasteurella multocida mutant was measured cytofluorometrically in comparison to blood lymphocytes (PBL). Cells were analyzed using monoclonal antibodies against porcine IgM, IgA, IgG and SWC3 in single-colour fluorescence and the following antibody combinations for two-colour fluorescence; CD2SWC1, SWC1CD25 and CD4CD8. In nonimmunized pigs, differences between lymphocyte subsets derived from blood and lung were obvious. The numbers of CD2−SWC1+ T-cells, CD25+ activated lymphocytes and IgG+ cells were significantly higher in the bronchoalveolar compartment. Aerosol immunization with P. multocida caused only insignificant changes in the phenotypic composition of PBL whereas the composition of lung-derived lymphocytes changed markedly. The percentage of CD2−SWC1+ lymphocytes and of CD25+ cells coexpressing the SWC1 antigen in BALL increased up to 10 days after aerosol administration, whereas the percentage of all Ig+ cells decreased. These data reflect an early cellular reaction to an aerogenic immunization with a P. multocida aerosol, characterized by an increase in CD2− T-cells and a T-cell activation.
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