The role of metabolic state and obestatin in control of chicken ovarian hormone release
The aim of the present study was to examine the role and interrelationships between calorie restriction and obestatin in the control of hormone release by chicken ovarian tissue. For this purpose, we compared the release of progesterone (P), testosteron (T), estradiol (E), and arginine-vasotocin (AVT) by ovarian fragments isolated from chicken subjected and not subjested to food restriction, as well as the response of these ovarian fragments to obestatin additions. It was observed that food restriction promoted release of P, reduced output of T, but did not affect basal E and AVT release. Obestatin addition reduced E, promoted AVT, and did not alter P and T release by ovarian tissue isolated from ad libitum fed chicken. In ovarian fragments of fasted hens it reduced E, promoted T, and did not influence P and AVT release. The present observations demonstrate (1) that obestatin can directly control the release of avian ovarian hormones – regulators of reproduction, (2) that metabolic state can control the release of these hormones, and (3) metabolic state can alter the response of ovarian hormones to obestatin.