Molecular epidemiology of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease virus with emphasis on West and South Africa

Sangare, O.; Bastos, A. D.; Marquardt, Otfried GND; Venter, E. H.; Vosloo, W.; Thomson, G. R.

Genetic relationships of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) viruses recovered from outbreaks of the disease in the West African countries of Niger, Burkina Faso and, Ghana (1988-1993) and those from South Africa (2000) were determined by partial VP1 gene characterization. A 581-bp fragment, corresponding to the C-terminus half of the ID (VP1 gene) region was amplified and sequenced. An homologous region of 495 nucleotides was ultimately used to determine genetic relationships of serotype O viruses from the Middle East, Europe, South America, North Africa, East Africa, southern Africa and Asia. Seven distinct type O genotypes were identified by phylogenetic reconstruction, consisting of viruses from the following geographical regions: Genotype A: Asia, the Middle East, and South Africa, Genotype B: East Africa, Genotype C: West and North Africa, Genotype D: Taiwan and Russia, Genotype E: Angola and Venezuela, Genotype F: Western Europe, and Genotype G: Europe and South America. The genotypes constitute three different evolutionary lineages (I-III), which correspond to three discrete continental regions, some of which display inter-continental distributions due to introductions. Results further indicate that the outbreaks in Burkina Faso (1992) and Ghana (1993) are part of the same epizootic and that the strain involved in a recent outbreak of the disease in South Africa is most closely related (97% sequence identity) to a 1997 Bangladesh strain

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Sangare, O. / Bastos, A. D. / Marquardt, Otfried / et al: Molecular epidemiology of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease virus with emphasis on West and South Africa. 2001.

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