A cross-sectional survey on fasciolosis in selected settlements of Taveta Division, Coast Province, Kenya

Mungube, E.O.; Sila, D.M.; Kariuki, C.W.; Bauni, S.M.; Tenhagen, B.-A.; Wamae, L.; Nginyi, J.; Omondi, G.A.

A cross-sectional survey on fasciolosis was conducted in March 2009 in Taveta Division. Bura Ndogo, Challa, Kiwalwa, Kitogoto and Lake Jipe Gicheha settlements participated in the study. A total of 338 (197 cattle, 111 goats and 30 sheep) faecal samples from 42 herds were examined using the sedimentation technique. Similarly, husbandry practices and aspects of herd owner education in the same settlements were captured using a standard questionnaire. Selective deworming targeted at the sick and /or weak looking animals was done by some herd owners interviewed. Fasciolosis prevalence in cattle, goats and sheep was 25.9%, 23.4% and 33.3%, respectively. Extensive grazing and age stratum 7 - 12 months were identified as potential fasciolosis risk factors with the latter being significantly (p<0.05) associated with the disease. On the contrary, home watering, training on livestock husbandry practices and deworming were significant (p< 0.05) protective factors of fasciolosis. Improved husbandry practices assisted by the selective anthelmintic treatments targeting the young animals were identified as feasible fasciolosis control options for Taveta division. In conclusion, the results of the study have clearly shown that fasciolosis is widespread in Taveta Division making it necessary for further longitudinal studies on the disease for establishment of an effective control programme

Cite

Citation style:

Mungube, E.O. / Sila, D.M. / Kariuki, C.W. / et al: A cross-sectional survey on fasciolosis in selected settlements of Taveta Division, Coast Province, Kenya. 2012.

Rights

Use and reproduction:
All rights reserved

Export